In the play Macbeth it was fear that was the main motivating factor that influenced the outcome of the play.
Open in a separate window Focus-group discussions were conducted by an experienced moderator EP and the interviews were carried out by EP and KB in line with the topic guide derived from the literature.
They began with an opening question followed by prompts, as shown in Table 3. The focus-group discussions lasted from 60 to 90 minutes, whereas the semi-structured interviews lasted from 45 to 60 minutes.
|MacBeth - Analysis of Fear | Novelguide||Motivational salience Motivation as a desire to perform an action is usually defined as having two parts, directional such as directed towards a positive stimulus or away from a negative one, as well as the activated "seeking phase" and consummatory "liking phase". This type of motivation has neurobiological roots in the basal gangliaand mesolimbic, dopaminergic pathways.|
They were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and then anonymized. Table 3 Topic guide for focus groups and interviews Opening question Why did you quit smoking cigarettes?
Prompts Have you tried to give up smoking before? If you had a relapse return to smokingwhat were the reasons for it? After the third focus group and the sixth interview, data saturation was achieved. However, because another focus group and further interviews had already been arranged, we decided to conduct them.
Data analysis This study draws on qualitative content analysis as demonstrated by Graneheim and Lundman, 27 Sandelowski, 28 and Hsieh and Shannon. The semi-structured interview data were analyzed with a view to establishing a straightforward descriptive summary of the informational contents of the data.
The focus-group discussions and interviews were analyzed by a multidisciplinary team researcher, physician, sociologist. These were subsequently condensed and independently labeled with various codes to express a general understanding of them Table 4.
The codes were finally juxtaposed and formulated into subthemes and themes, after discussion with other researchers EP, SC. Potential participants were provided with information about the study, and those who decided to participate gave informed consent.
Confidentiality was assured, and the anonymity of the participants was protected. Results The analysis of transcripts from the focus-group discussions and interviews revealed three themes: Motivations to quit smoking The participants, both former and current smokers, unanimously admitted that the right motivation had led them to the decision to quit smoking.
In other words, the right motivation played an important role in causing behavior change. The investigated smokers, however, differed in their motivations to quit, which could be classified into the following subthemes: These are shown in the excerpts that follow.
One of the most important reasons for quitting smoking was a smoking ban, either a formal ban for example, at work or an informal one for example, at home ; it was indicated as a key factor in motivating stopping smoking tobacco.
Having no possibility of smoking and a willingness to obey the rules were strong motivations to quit smoking altogether: Current smoker, female, age 43, focus group. Current smoker, male, age 53, focus group. According to the smokers, another disincentive for smoking was the high cost of cigarettes.
The awareness of this fact and the calculations of how much must be spent per month or per year were often said to have led to smoking cessation: Cigarettes are terribly expensive.
In general, the will to quit, but mainly the money.At lower levels of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, such as physiological needs, money is a motivator, however it tends to have a motivating effect on staff that lasts only for a short period (in accordance with Herzberg's two-factor model of motivation).
factors influencing successful psychotherapy outcomes 2 longer a therapist has been practicing the likelier they are to have a successful outcome. Although a few studies have found a small association between therapist experience and.
CONSUMER BEHAVIOR CHAP STUDY. PLAY. One factor motivating U.K. travelers is status. Which of Maslow's needs is this most related to?
D) esteem. Karen went to a movie and was disappointed because the main character died. She prefers happy endings to movies, and this one really put her in a bad mood for the rest of the day.
Understanding the factors that influence decision making process is important to understanding what decisions are made. That is, the factors that influence the process may impact the outcomes. Heuristics serve as a framework in which satisfactory decisions are made quickly and with ease (Shah & Oppenheimer, ).
Fear, this motivates us to do many things no matter if they are right or wrong. In the play Macbeth it was fear that was the main motivating factor that influenced the outcome of the play.
The ability to influence the leadership skills of your team members in order to meet organizational demands is a complex element of the overall leadership development picture.
Leaders are tasked with effectively guiding organizational goal achievement, while considering team member skills necessary to produce the desired output.