Global atmospheric circulation

The basic mechanism is very simple:

Global atmospheric circulation

Tropical cyclones play an important role in the general circulation of the atmosphere, accounting for 2 percent of the global annual rainfall and between 4 and 5 percent of the global rainfall in August and September at the height of the… The descending air in the subtropical high-pressure belts diverges near the surface; the air that does not flow equatorward tends to flow eastward and poleward as the midlatitude westerlies.

Jet streams are relatively narrow corridors of particularly strong winds, which correspond to the location of the polar front and other areas of strong temperature contrast. Polar-front jet streams are permanent fixtures in both hemispheres, while subtropical jet streams occur only during the winter periods in each hemisphere.

In the northern polar regions, where water and land are interspersed, the polar easterlies give way in summer to variable winds. The zonal wind belts are more uniform and constant in the Southern Hemisphere because there is little land to disturb the circulation.

In the Northern Hemisphere, a number of large, semipermanent high- and low-pressure centres exist over the continents and oceans during various parts of the year; their winds prevent the zonal wind belts from extending as uniformly around the world.

Global atmospheric circulation creates winds across the planet as air moves from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure. It also leads to areas of high rainfall, like the tropical rainforests, and areas of dry air, like deserts. The chart at left summarizes the % of greenhouse gas concentrations in Earth's atmosphere from Table tranceformingnlp.com is not a very meaningful view though because 1) the data has not been corrected for the actual Global Warming Potential (GWP) of each gas, and 2) water vapor is ignored.. But these are the numbers one would use if the goal is to . Global Science & Technology, Inc. (GST), a leading innovator of scientific services and products for satellite and weather systems, has been selected by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for a prime contractor award on the ProTech-Satellite Domain.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles:Buy Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics: Fundamentals and Large-scale Circulation on tranceformingnlp.com FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders. Global Atmospheric Circulation. The circulation of the atmosphere is responsible for about 50% of the transport of energy from the tropics to the poles.

The basic mechanism is very simple: hot air rises in the tropics, reducing the pressure at the surface and increasing it higher up. The chart at left summarizes the % of greenhouse gas concentrations in Earth's atmosphere from Table tranceformingnlp.com is not a very meaningful view though because 1) the data has not been corrected for the actual Global Warming Potential (GWP) of each gas, and 2) water vapor is ignored..

CIMSS Tropical Cyclones

But these are the numbers one would use if the goal is to . The global circulation Over the major parts of the Earth's surface there are large-scale wind circulations present. In each hemisphere there are three cells (Hadley cell, Ferrel cell and Polar cell) in which air circulates through the entire depth of the troposphere.

Sep 18,  · Global warming is now slowing down the circulation of the oceans — with potentially dire consequences. In this lecture we put together the knowledge we acquired in lectures to understand the general circulation of the atmosphere and climate at and above the Earth's surface.

We will learn about the global-scale motion system on Earth and how it divides the planet into different zones.

Global atmospheric circulation
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