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So, as you prepare your writing, you do need to think about it. What I want to do in this post is to show one relatively simple way to achieve it — in paragraphs. Paragraph coherence One form of coherence is coherence within a paragraph. To achieve this you need to learn how to structure a paragraph with a topic sentence and to develop that sentence through the appropriate use of explanations and examples.
In this post I am going to suggest a possible model to help you do this by teaching you to PEE — something everyone should be able to do quite naturally.
It may help, however, first to think about how this works in the reading and speaking papers. Understanding paragraph coherence — topic sentences — think reading In the IELTS reading exam, one very familiar task is to identify the main topic of a paragraph by selecting the correct heading from a list.
One way to complete that task is to identify one sentence that gives the Illustration essay paragraph point of the paragraph — this is the topic sentence. Your goal in the writing paper is to ensure that each of your paragraphs contains a similar topic sentence.
Learn how to write by thinking about reading. Paragraph coherence — expanding the topic — think speaking You can also learn to write by thinking about speaking. In the speaking exam, one of the goals is not to give very brief answers, but to give extended answers. In the writing the same applies: The mistake is to write very short paragraphs or paragraphs which contain unrelated points.
If you do support what you say with evidence and examples, your writing will become coherent. A model — Learn how to P-E-E One way to expand your topic sentences is to make the point P give an example E How it works This is not the only way to be coherent, but it can be a good model to folllow in the context of an exam essay for two reasons.
Firstly, it helps the examiner — they should see immediately that your writing is coherent. It also makes the writing easier as many paragraphs can follow the same pattern and planning becomes much easier as you already know the shape of each paragraph before you start writing.
Some examples Read through these three paragraphs taken from different IELTS essays and note how they all have a similar structure: Point Example There are those who argue that the internet has had an extremely positive influence on communication. They say this because in the past it was sometimes impossible to call people in other countries on the telephone, but now it is relatively simple to use a program such as Skype to talk to them for free or to send an email.
A good example here are the students who go to study abroad and are able to send messages home with no difficulty, when in past they would have had to buy stamps and go to the post office which was much harder and more expensive. A strong argument can of course be made from the opposite position.
Part of this argument is that countries and nations need to preserve old buildings in order to preserve their heritage.
In addition, however, to this cultural argument, there are positive economic benefits in preserving old buildings. An illustration here is Egypt once again, a country which depends on tourism for much of its national income simply because visitors pay to come from other countries to visit its ancient sites.
There are several reasons why it can be argued that television has a negative effect on cultural development. Perhaps the principal argument is the lowbrow nature of many programmes, particularly sitcoms and soap operas.
People who watch these programmes do not learn anything, they are simply entertained. The other major argument is that because people watch so much television, they no longer take part in more traditional forms of cultural entertainment.
An example here is how traditional dancing and music is becoming much less popular because people are staying at home to watch the television. This is a pattern you can follow in most essays to give coherence to your writing by expanding on one point.
How to practise this If any of this is new to you, I have a suggestion. This may seem limiting, but again it is practical.
Once you can write a good paragraph, the exam essay becomes easy, for it is really little more than 5 paragraphs and if you can write one paragraph, you can write 5. More connected lessons Learn different techniques — be flexible The sentence by sentence approach I explain here can be a great starting point to improve the coherence of your writing.
It helps to be able to be as flexible as possible in how you write and learn different ways to write paragraphs coherently. Try some of these lessons to see how: In this lesson I discuss how you can add shorter examples to your writing and not put them in their own sentences.The unique value proposition of our essay service “Okay, what are you offering exactly?” might be you next tranceformingnlp.com it is not, feel free to skip this paragraph and read the one where we describe how we differ from similar companies.
The use of the little conjunctions — especially and and but — comes naturally for most writers. However, the question whether one can begin a . Example/Illustration Essay Purpose: The purpose is to state a general statement and prove it through the use of examples and illustrations.
Introduction: The introduction states the general statement that you want to prove. Ex.: Gender stereotypes still exist in the professional world. Body paragraphs: The body paragraphs have specific example(s) and/or illustration(s) that establish.
This paragraph opens the illustration essay. It typically contains anywhere from 5 to 15 sentences; a number of sentences depend upon the density of the topic being explained in the essay. It should begin with a hook – a sentence to gain and keep the reader’s attention.
Step 3: Your illustration essay should be supported by the good outline (an essay outline serves as the action plan for your writing from cover to cover). Keep on writing a paragraph supporting each reason why you chose a specific essay topic until you get three good reasons.
Example: “Last time I attended a job interview, I have lost my place to Mr. Green, and the only ‘good’ reason the. Formulas and Definitions for the Five-Paragraph Essay The five-paragraph essay is formulaic writing that helps inexperienced writers express their ideas with a.