February 18, Topic: Security Civil Society Region: While radicals exist on the fringes of every religion, fears about the rise of radical Islam have become especially rampant over the years.
Known as fundamentalism or "Wahhabism," it poses a direct challenge to the ideal vision of a state that the newly founded nations of the region have embraced. Should this radicalized understanding of Islam continue to spread unchecked, radical interpretations could threaten social stability at the local, national, and regional levels and create serious geopolitical dangers to which neighboring powers, as well as the US and Europe, would have to react.
Today, throughout the world, there has been a wave of radical movements, which sometimes turn militant, whose source can be traced to the Wahhabi movement. What is this movement and how did it spread throughout the Islamic radicalism world, and now the Western world? What are its ideological differences with traditional Islam and how are these differences Islamic radicalism and supporting modern day radical movements?
What can be done to diminish the power of these movements in vulnerable states such as those in Central Asia and the Caucasus? Traditional Islam views religion as a pact between man and God and therefore the domain of spirituality. In this belief, there can be no compulsion or force used in religion.
From the time of the Prophet Muhammad speace and tolerance were practiced between different religious groups, with respect to distinctions in belief.
Contrary to this, the "Wahhabi" ideology is built on the concept of political enforcement of religious beliefs, thus permitting no differences in faith whatsoever. In "Wahhabi" belief, faith is not necessarily an option; it is sometimes mandated by force.
The source of this new stream of thought was a Muslim scholar named Muhammad ibn Abd-al Wahhab, hence the name "Wahhabism.
He encouraged his followers to interpret the holy books for themselves and to act on their interpretations in light of their own understanding, regardless of their understanding of fundamental principles or lack thereof. Anyone who did not profess to this new ideology was considered outside of the realm of Islam - an apostate, disbeliever or idolater, thus making the shedding of their blood and confiscation of their wealth permitted.
In this way, he was able to secure a significant following whose legacy continues in one form or another until today. A struggle ensued between the staunchly orthodox Ottoman Empire and the "Wahhabi" tribes.
The Wahhabis were put down until the eventual dismantling of the Ottoman Empire in the s and the dissolution of its influence. Finding a new opportunity among the tribes, Wahhabis were able to reinstate their beliefs and assert their influence on Muslims of the Peninsula.
Gradually from until today, they were very successful in establishing an "accepted" new ideology in Islam whose essential characteristic is extreme views and interpretations, as contrasted with traditional Sunni Islam. Coming under the guise of reform of the religion, the movement gathered momentum in the last three decades with support from a number of wealthy individuals.
As it has grown, the movement mutated and splintered, with the eventual outcome that some groups went to the extreme in radicalization of their beliefs. Influence of Wahhabism Today The Wahhabi ideology is antagonistic to non-Muslims and to traditional practices including seeking intercession by means of the pious saints in Islam, accepted by traditional Sunni Islam for over years.
By rejecting any form of hierarchy such as that followed by traditional Sunni schools, the Wahhabis rejected traditional rulings on a wide range of subjects, invalidated the four schools of thought and its accepted interpretations of law, as well as issued declarations of unbelief for those who disagreed.
While this new ideology prohibited many traditional Islamic forms of worship, its followers did not become overtly militant until recently. Now "Wahhabi" followers have taken up an increasingly confrontational standpoint attempting to impose their ideology in many regions around the world.
The Wahhabi mentality asserts that Islam may be reformed by means of the sword. Thus the movement has manifested itself as armed insurrections throughout the world, especially where governments are weak and unable to resist aggression effectively. Unfortunately, this narrow ideology has appeared and flourished in Islam, but not because of Islam.
Previously, Islam was always presented in a peaceful, tolerant manner. The Prophet Muhammad s used to present his neighbors or friends that were not Muslim with gifts and flowers, never holding a sword against them, or ever instigating a struggle or a fight. There are many events in Muslim history where the Prophet made peace treaties with non-Muslims.
Islam, despite its rapid spread in its first three centuries, never imposed its beliefs on anyone, as attested by the scrolls of history. Declaration of War against Governments Just as the spread of Wahhabism flourished outside of the Arabian Peninsula after the fall of the Ottoman Empire, it now poses a significant challenge to the region of the former Soviet Union.
While these countries were "protected" from all types of religious influence under Soviet rule, the fall of the Soviet Empire and the vacuum of religious teaching made this area fertile ground for the spread of this new ideology.Islamic thought and sources influenced and made important contributions both to the radical Enlightenment and the early American Revolution.
Clear and credible historical evidence demonstrates that many Founding Fathers of America . Islamic Supreme Council of America. Radicalism, in various forms, has made significant inroads in several countries of Central Asia and in the Caucasus - in particular the three countries that share the Ferghana Valley, namely Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikstan, Chechnya, and the Russian Republic of Daghestan.
Waman tranceformingnlp.com llâhu famâ lahu min hâdin. And whom God leads astray, there is for him no right guide. 'al-Qur'ân, Sûrah 39, Verse Islâm,, is the religion founded by the Prophet tranceformingnlp.com word is sometimes said to mean "peace," but it is salâm,, that is the word for peace.
Islâm means "submission, resignation," i.e. to the will of God.. Both . The term "Radical" (from the Latin radix meaning root) during the late 18th-century and early 19th-century identified proponents of democratic reform, in what subsequently became the parliamentary Radical tranceformingnlp.comically, Radicalism began in the United Kingdom with political support for a "radical reform" of the electoral system to widen the franchise.
Islamic Supreme Council of America. Spirituality in Modern Civilization.
We have been asked to address the topic of “Spirituality in Modern Civilization.”. Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts. The term can refer to diverse forms of social and political activism advocating that public and political life should be guided by Islamic principles or more specifically to movements which call for full implementation of tranceformingnlp.com is commonly used interchangeably with the terms political Islam or.