Argh the shortest version is an exclamation, of various sorts, usually ironic or humorous in this sense usually written and rarely verbal. More dramatically Aaaaaaaaaargh would be a written scream.
The Latin lupus is a Sabine loanword. Subspecies of Canis lupus The species Canis lupus was first recorded by Carl Linnaeus in his publication Systema Naturae in with the Latin classification translating into the English words "dog wolf". The thirty-seven subspecies of Canis lupus are listed under the designated common name of "wolf" in Mammal Species of the World third edition that was published in The gray wolf Canis lupus is a highly adaptable species that is able to exist in a range of environments and which possesses a wide distribution across the Holarctic.
Studies of modern gray wolves have identified distinct sub-populations that live in close proximity to each other. However, the geographic origin of this radiation is not known.
Population structure Ina genetic study found that the wolf population in Europe was divided along a north-south axis and formed Observational learning and good will hunting major clusters.
Three clusters were identified occupying southern and central Europe in Italy, the Dinaric- Balkansthe Carpathians. Another two clusters were identified occupying north-central Europe and the Ukrainian steppe.
The Italian wolf consisted of an isolated population with low genetic diversity. Wolves from Finland, Latvia, Belarus, Poland and Russia formed the north-central Europe cluster, with wolves from the Carpathians cluster coming from a mixture of wolves from the north-central cluster and the Dinaric-Balkans cluster.
The wolves from the Carpathians were more similar to the wolves from the Pontic-Caspian Steppe than they were to wolves from north-central Europe. These clusters may have been the result of expansion from glacial refugiaan adaptation to local environments, and landscape fragmentation and the killing of wolves in some areas by humans.
The studies found that precipitation and mean diurnal temperature range were the most influential variables. The first is the product of a male wolf and a female spanielwhile the latter comes from a female wolf and a male West Siberian Laika It was once thought that dogs and gray wolves did not voluntarily interbreed in the wild, though they can produce fertile wolf-dog offspring.
Gray wolf Y-chromosomes have also been found in Texan coyote haplotypes. At six months of age, the hybrids were closely monitored and were shown to display both physical and behavioral characteristics from both species.
The gray wolf is the largest extant member of the Canidaeexcepting certain large breeds of domestic dog. Tibetan gray wolves, which occupy territories up to 3, above sea levelhave evolved hearts that withstand the low oxygen levels.
This force is sufficient to break open most bones. A similar trend was found with the carnassial tooth bite force, but with the extinct dire wolf and gray wolf both measuringthen followed by the African hunting dogthe dholeand the dingo Especially long hairs are on the shoulders, and almost form a crest on the upper part of the neck.
The hairs on the cheeks are elongated and form tufts. The ears are covered in short hairs, which strongly project from the fur. Short, elastic and closely adjacent hairs are present on the limbs from the elbows down to the calcaneal tendons.
Wolf fur provides better insulation than dog fur, and does not collect ice when warm breath is condensed against it. Older wolves generally have more white hairs in the tip of the tail, along the nose and on the forehead. The winter fur is retained longest in lactating females, though with some hair loss around their nipples.
In the rare cases where other wolves are adopted, the adoptee is almost invariably an immature animal 1—3 years of age unlikely to compete for breeding rights with the mated pair.
In some cases, a lone wolf is adopted into a pack to replace a deceased breeder. Scent marking is used for territorial advertisement, and involves urination, defecation and ground scratching.
Such markers can last for 2—3 weeks,  and are typically placed near rocks, boulders, trees, or the skeletons of large animals. Canine reproduction Gray wolves mating The gray wolf is generally monogamous with mated pairs usually remaining together for life.
Upon the death of one mated wolf, pairs are quickly re-established. Since males often predominate in any given wolf population, unpaired females are a rarity.
Such gray wolves are termed " Casanova wolves" and, unlike males from established packs, they do not form pair bonds with the females they mate with. Some gray wolf packs may have multiple breeding females this way, as is the case in Yellowstone National Park.
This might take place if the original parents die or are for some reason separated from them. This is further demonstrated by the fact that captive wolves have been known to breed as soon as they reach 9—10 months, while the youngest recorded breeding wolves in the wild were 2 years old.
Females are capable of producing pups every year, with one litter annually being the average.catnaps Islamic pages are a personal website and resource for Islamic architecture, planning and design relating to Qatar in the Persian / Arabian Gulf. The highest level of observational learning is achieved by first organizing and rehearsing the modeled behavior symbolically and then enacting it overtly.
Coding modeled behavior into words, labels or images results in better retention than simply observing.
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Learning Chapter Observational Learning. STUDY. PLAY. Early studies of observational learning It could be some kind of evolutionary fluke.
Some argue that it is good. Whiten et al.: It ensures success. Unnecessary behaviors can be edited out. the Inuits learned hunting strategies from polar bears.
Theories of observational learning. Codename Villanelle has ratings and 31 reviews. Paromjit said: Ths is a collection of 4 kindle single stories about Oxana Vorontsova, a young woman w.
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