Positive and negative impacts of volunteer tourism on host communities

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Positive and negative impacts of volunteer tourism on host communities

Ecotourism - Wikipedia

Criteria[ edit ] Seal watching near Malusi Islands in Estonia. Ecotourism is tourism which is conducted responsibly to conserve the environment and sustain the well-being of local people.

Builds environmental awareness Provides direct financial benefits for conservation Provides financial benefits and empowerment for local people Respects local culture conservation of biological diversity and cultural diversity through ecosystem protection promotion of sustainable use of biodiversity, by providing jobs to local populations sharing of all socio-economic benefits with local communities and indigenous peoples by having their informed consent and participation in the management of ecotourism enterprises tourism to unspoiled natural resources, with minimal impact on the environment being a primary concern.

For many countries, ecotourism is not simply a marginal activity to finance protection of the environmentbut a major industry of the national economy. For example, in Costa RicaEcuadorNepalKenya, Madagascar and territories such as Antarcticaecotourism represents a significant portion of the gross domestic product and economic activity.

Self-proclaimed practitioners and hosts of ecotourism experiences assume it is achieved by simply creating destinations in natural areas. According to critics of this commonplace and assumptive practice, true ecotourism must, above all, sensitize people to the beauty and the fragility of nature.

These critics condemn some operators as greenwashing their operations: According to the Oxford English Dictionaryecotour was first recorded in and ecotourism, "probably after ecotour", in A tour of or visit to an area of ecological interest, usually with an educational element; in later use also a similar tour or visit designed to have as little detrimental effect on the ecology as possible or undertaken with the specific aim of helping conservation efforts.

Tourism to areas of ecological interest typically exotic and often threatened natural environmentsesp. One source claims the terms were used earlier. The failure to acknowledge responsible, low-impact ecotourism puts legitimate ecotourism companies at a competitive disadvantage.

Ethical Inquiry: May | Brandeis University

Many environmentalists have argued for a global standard of accreditation, differentiating ecotourism companies based on their level of environmental commitment, creating a standard to follow. A national or international regulatory board would enforce accreditation procedures, with representation from various groups including governments, hotels, tour operators, travel agents, guides, airlines, local authorities, conservation organizations, and non-governmental organizations.

Crinion suggests a Green Stars System, based on criteria including a management plan, benefit for the local community, small group interaction, education value and staff training.

Environmental impact assessments could also be used as a form of accreditation. Feasibility is evaluated from a scientific basis, and recommendations could be made to optimally plan infrastructure, set tourist capacity, and manage the ecology.

This form of accreditation is more sensitive to site specific conditions. Some countries have their own certification programs for ecotourism. Costa Rica, for example, runs the Certification of Sustainable Tourism CST program, which is intended to balance the effect that business has on the local environment.

The CST program focuses on a company's interaction with natural and cultural resources, the improvement of quality of life within local communities, and the economic contribution to other programs of national development. CST uses a rating system that categorizes a company based upon how sustainable its operations are.

Based upon these criteria, the company is evaluated for the strength of its sustainability. The measurement index goes from 0 to 5, with 0 being the worst and 5 being the best.Why Voluntourism CAN be Positive; Why Voluntourism CAN be Positive. sustainable benefits for host communities.

Teaching crafts in Ghana. Without a doubt, it is essential that individuals have an incredible Every term used to describe a voluntourism organization or opportunity should be applicable to both the volunteer AND the host.

Ethics Center Leadership Council member Heather Yoon '15 prepared a summary of some of the potential negative and positive impacts of tourism, Ethical Inquiry: May Helping or Hurting? The Ethics of Voluntourism "Voluntourism has both helped and hurt [this] country.

perhaps both volunteers and host communities can benefit from. The Commonwealth Club of California is the nation's oldest and largest public affairs forum.

Positive and negative impacts of volunteer tourism on host communities

As a non-partisan forum, The Club brings to the public airwaves diverse viewpoints on important topics. This is why awareness of the possible unintended negative consequences of volunteering and voluntourism is so important.

And if you think this only affects a few people, think again. The volunteer “industry” is currently estimated at $ billion in annual revenue, and is expected to grow as more people seek volunteer experiences each year. Rural tourism focuses on actively participating in a rural lifestyle.

It can be a variant of tranceformingnlp.com villages can facilitate tourism because many villagers are hospitable and eager to welcome (and sometime even host) visitors.

Positive and negative impacts of volunteer tourism on host communities

possible negative impacts of volunteer. on host communities and found that volunteer. minimising the negative impacts of volunteer tourism.

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