The civilization of Thailand incorporates a great trade of influence from China, Cambodia and India. More than a few different cultural groups from Malaysia, Burma etc populate Thailand and have mediated alteration between their traditional local civilization, national Thai and planetary cultural influences. In add-on, touristry development creates socio-cultural impacts in Thailand both positive and negative. The societal and cultural branchings of touristry necessitate careful consideration because impacts can either become assets or hurts to the Thailand community.
Norsk in NorwegianNorse historical Orientation Identification. The name Norge "the Northern Way" originally pertained to a region of the country before political consolidation under Harald the Fair-Haired around C.
Some of the northerly sections of the country are home to at least two main groups coastal and mountain of an indigenous population of Sami previously called Lapps with a separate language and distinct cultural traditions.
Some groups of Sami practice reindeer nomadism and range across northern Sweden and Finland. A smaller Gypsy population also was part of the otherwise homogeneous population.
For humanitarian reasons, in the late twentieth century, the country welcomed asylum seekers and immigrants from other countries. The small scale of Norwegian society, with a population of little more than four million, also promotes cultural sharing.
Norway is situated on the western side of the Scandinavian peninsula, which it shares with its eastern neighbor, Sweden. The North Sea borders the country on the west, and the Barent Sea lies to the north.
Spitsbergen, a group of islands four hundred miles to the north in the Arctic Ocean, is a Norwegian dependency. The country also shares borders with Finland and Russia in its northern regions. A long and narrow landmass, Norway extends more than 1, miles from north to south and varies in width between miles and 4 miles.
One-third of the country lies north of the Arctic Circle. The dominant feature of the topography is a backbone of mountains extending down the Scandinavian peninsula, with fjords, or long inlets of the sea, penetrating inland on the west and south.
With a total area ofsquare milessquare kilometersmuch of the country is dominated by rugged mountainous or coastal landscapes that have made tourism an important industry.
Only about 3 percent of the land area is suitable for raising crops, and nearly half of that land is situated in the east, near Oslo, the capital, where broad, open valleys produce grain and root crops.
The west coast traditionally has supported smaller farms perched along the fjords or nestled in mountain valleys. Farming and fishing have always been major occupations in this region. Trondheim, a medieval cathedral city on the west coast, also has an agricultural hinterland.
The northern region constitutes the largest part of the country, with 35 percent of the land area and only 12 percent of the population.
Fishing has been the major traditional occupation in this region. Oslo, which was called Kristiania before the nation gained independence, has long been associated with major governmental functions.
In Januarythe total population was 4, Approximately thirty thousand to forty thousand of those residents self-identify as Sami. The first census which was taken inrecordedresidents. For most of the nineteenth century, the population grew at an average annual rate of 1.
The post—World War II growth rate declined to about 0. Immigrants constitute just under 6 percent of the total population. The largest number of immigrants Norway came from Sweden and Denmark, with the third largest contingent coming from Pakistan.
Inthe population grew by 0. This unusual growth is accounted for by the arrival of 19, persons from abroad. Approximately 67, persons with a political refugee background lived in Norway at the beginning of Among the recent refugees, the largest groups are from Bosnia 11,Vietnam 10,and Iran 8, Refugees are concentrated in and around the largest cities, with approximately one-third living in the Oslo area.
A product of the national romantic movement, Nynorsk, or "New Norwegian," was constructed in the nineteenth century from peasant dialects to create a genuinely Norwegian written language.
Formulated by Ivar Aasen, a self-taught linguist from the west coast, Nynorsk was consciously constructed to reveal a clear relationship to Old Norse, linking contemporary Norway with the Viking age.
The flag, folk costumes, the land or landscapeand the home are the major symbols of national unity. The flag a red background with blue stripes outlined in white is owned and flown not only by public agencies but by many private individuals.
On Constitution Day 17 Maycitizens appear at public celebrations carrying small flags and wearing red, white, and blue streamers pinned to their clothing. In the yearthere were thirteen official flag days. Folk or national costumes bunad are owned by large numbers of both men and women. Because of increased affluence in recent decades, more individuals own costumes, which are considered correct attire for any festive or formal occasion.
The design and colors of the costumes vary according to locality so that each large fjord or valley has a distinctive costume. Fostered by national romanticism, folk costumes are partially constructed traditions, with some historically authentic elements and some new elements.
The costume for the city of Bergen, for example, was designed in Community Scale and Resident Attitudes towards Tourism Jon Devine, Todd Gabe, and Kathleen P. Bell University of Maine – USA Abstract.
Given that the costs and benefits of tourism are not uniformly distributed across space. I. Rationale Since the s, many different studies have investigated and analysed residents’ perceived tourism impacts toward tourism development. As stated by Nunkoo, Smith, and Ramkissoon (), researchers are increasingly making use of different theories to investigate this topic.
The Irridex model indicates that residents' attitudes toward tourism will change overtime. It suggests that residents' attitudes and reactions toward tourism contain a sense of homogeneity (Mason et al.
). Apr 18, · The Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) section, consisting of one minute essay, measures the test taker's ability to formulate an appropriate and constructive critique of a specific conclusion based on a specific line of thinking.
Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to lateth century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism. The term has also more generally been applied to the historical era following modernity and the tendencies of this era.
(In this context, "modern" is not used in the . Essay topics: Many people believe that international tourism has negative implications on their countries. What is the reason for it? What can be done to change the negative attitude towards international tourism? Submitted by Bavi on Fri, 06/12/ - Nowadays, tourism is a .