While he appreciated the classical taste the college instilled in him, the religious instruction of the fathers served only to arouse his skepticism and mockery. He witnessed the last sad years of Louis XIV and was never to forget the distress and the military disasters of nor the horrors of religious persecution. He retained, however, a degree of admiration for the sovereignand he remained convinced that the enlightened kings are the indispensable agents of progress. He decided against the study of law after he left college.
Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. The book deals with the problem of evil and that was what Leibnitz was trying to explain in his theory of optimism. According to this theory, since God is all powerful and all-wise he must have created the best of all possible worlds.
We cannot see the whole; if we could, we would see that Voltaire thesis appears to be evil is really contributing to the general, overall good.
Voltaire hated this theory because, among other things, he felt it could be used to justify the status quo and any and all manner of abuse, injustice and despotism. So, he set out to paint a world full of evil and set it against phrases like 'best of all possible worlds', etc. His idea is that we should stop trying to invent theories that are dealing with things beyond human understanding, because it takes us away from dealing in a meaningful way with the real problems that face us.
At the end the little group begin by working individually and nothing good happens, but when they work together unexpected talents and results emerge. The idea is that if we work together in our garden, that is, work together in our little area of the world to make things better, we can achieve small but important results to make this world a better place.
This far more valuable that theorising.François-Marie Arouet (French: [fʁɑ̃swa maʁi aʁwɛ]; 21 November – 30 May ), known by his nom de plume Voltaire (/ v oʊ l ˈ t ɛər /; French: [vɔltɛːʁ]), was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his criticism of Christianity, especially the Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of speech and separation of church and state.
Voltaire Exposes the Fallacy of Optimism in Candide - Voltaire was the French author of the novella Candide, also known as "Optimism" (Durant and Durant ). A good way to approach this would be to focus on Voltaire's satirical intentions in the novel.
Voltaire was knocking citizens who could accept the unfair and irrational determinations of their authorities. In connexion with the thought of fatalism is the construct of free will.
If worlds were given the gift of free will. so the thought that everything is all for the best would be inconsistent. In this respect, Karl Marx's famous thesis that philosophy should aspire to change the world, not merely interpret it, owes more than a little debt Voltaire.
The link between Voltaire and Marx was also established through the French revolutionary tradition, which similarly adopted Voltaire as one of its founding heroes.
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