Issue[ edit ] In the IRAC method of legal analysis, the "issue" is simply a legal question that must be answered. An issue arises when the facts of a case present a legal ambiguity that must be resolved in a case, and legal researchers whether paralegals, law students, lawyers, or judges typically resolve the issue by consulting legal precedent existing statutes, past cases, court rules, etc. For example, suppose the law required that a lawsuit had to be filed within one year of an allegedly negligent act. If the th day falls on a Sunday, then the issue would be whether or not the law counts weekends as part of its computation of the one-year time limit.
Generally, IRAC format is used in bar exams and law school for solving hypothetical questions. This method can also be useful for summarizing legal opinion and preparing a case brief that short summary of the usual formal court opinion.
Such documents can be prepared when doing legal research, preparing for a bar exam, or explaining a court case to other people. When writing legal documents, it is possible to follow a good IRAC method example that will make things easier.
The IRAC method is widely used by writing instructor, law students, and lawyers as a useful method of answering complicated legal questions. Issue, Rule, Application, and Conclusion. The Issue is the main legal question or statement.
The Rule section is the statement of appropriate rules relating directly to deciding the issue. The Application Analysis section uses the rules which were stated in the rules section for analysis the case.
Conclusion section answers the question that was formulated in the issue section. The Facts are very important for every step when using the method and determine it how the process of the reasoning should be developed.
The IRAC methodology helps reduce legal reasoning on the complicated issues and organize the legal analysis more efficiently. The IRAC methods reduce errors in legal reasoning as well. So to apply IRAC methodology for solving a hypothetical question at law exam, we should follow certain steps: Identify every issue which is in the hypothetical pattern.
Find appropriate legal rules that are relevant to every issue and make a statement of rules. Provide explanation how rules should be used and analyze the facts. Make a conclusion on how every issue may be resolved. When using this method, it is necessary to demonstrate the reasoning that was used for making a conclusion.
It signed a contract with Bing Ltd a large discount retailer. According to the contract, King Ltd was to supply the manufactured goods exclusively to Bing Ltd. Later, the directors of Bing Ltd discover that there is a wholly-owned subsidiary of King Ltd which sells identical chemical goods to competitors at cheaper prices.
It turned out that the subsidiary was included to enable King Ltd to avoid the consequences of the contract with Bing Ltd. Provide advice for the directors. The main legal question is whether it is possible here to pierce the corporate veil.
But there are exceptions when it is possible to pierce the corporate veil. In the case of Buildnord Lotor Co Ltd v Borne, it was decided that the corporate veil can be pierced if a wholly owned subsidiary was made by a company to avoid a legal obligation.
In this case, King Ltd organized the subsidiary company to avoid its obligations under the contract to supply its chemical goods exclusively to Bing Ltd. The directors can ask the court to pierce the veil of the wholly-owned subsidiary of King Ltd and sue King Ltd for the break of contract.The IRAC method is widely used by writing instructor, law students, and lawyers as a useful method of answering complicated legal questions.
IRAC Components IRAC is an acronym where the letters stand for the following four words: Issue, Rule, Application, and Conclusion.
USING THE I-R-A-C STRUCTURE IN WRITING EXAM ANSWERS The IRAC method is a framework for organizing your answer to a business law essay question. I love IRAC; one of my most memorable moments of practicing law was when the partner with the best reputation in the firm for legal writing wrote on one page of my memo of law, “good use of case!”.
page case brief. When we discuss the case in class, you will immediately be able to discern the problem the court faced (the issue); the relevant law the court used (the rule); how the facts of the case applied to the rule (the application); and the outcome (the conclusion).
Follow the “IRAC” (Issue; Rule; Application; Conclusion) Method. Facts: . by “briefing” a case, you will grasp the problem the court faced (the issue); the relevant law the court used to solve it (the rule); how the court applied the rule to the facts (the application or “analysis”); and the outcome (the conclusion).
I love IRAC; one of my most memorable moments of practicing law was when the partner with the best reputation in the firm for legal writing wrote on one page of my memo of law, “good use of case!”.
In the hope that you will learn to love IRAC too, I here post an example modified from one of my family law motions.